In MMA most consider being on the bottom a losing position which is totally untrue especially if you're facing someone of Nogueira's caliber. Their bottom game is so difficult to deal with because of the sweeps they have added to their guard/half guard. Today we will cover the many sweeps of the guard, half guard, and butterfly guard position. The Flower Pendulum Sweep The Flower or Pendulum Sweep is done from the open guard, most use it as a second move to go to when you miss an armbar. It starts by underhooking the leg of your opponent then using your other leg like a pendulum to swing your opponent over with the rocking motion of the other leg. Here is Demarques Johnson executing a great Flower Sweep, watch as he underhooks the leg, then swings the free leg to create almost a "rocking chair" motion. Notice the lifting of the hooked leg timed with the the swing which forces his opponent to lose balance and be sweeped. This was one of the staple go-to guard technique of the early young Georges St. Pierre. Sad to see him abandon such great move but he rarely spends time on his back anymore. Here is a GIF of St. Pierre executing a perfect flower pendulum sweep. Watch as GSP creates space between their hips by "cutting his hips" sideways. This creates less distance for his right hand to hook Spratt's left leg. St. Pierre then creates a massive swing to tilt and and eventually sweep him. This is a picture perfect flower pendulum sweep. The Butterfly Hook Sweep The butterfly sweep is a move that requires hooking one of the legs of your opponent with the instep of your foot then lifting the hooked leg over to sweep. The butterfly sweep is a great move to hit especially when you have a wrist or arm trapped to prevent a post. In my honest opinion, I thought Miguel Torres beat Demetrious Johnson just because he was more active off of his back and attacked with submissions and sweeps constantly. In the GIF below, Torres hits an excellent butterfly sweep on Johnson. Watch as Torres overhooks the right arm of Johnson to prevent him from posting to stop the sweep. Also notice how he doesn't stop lifting the hooked leg until he is completely flipped. From a different angle, you can clearly see the overhook in usage. Watch as Torres wraps a tight overhook to stop the posting and continues to a top position. The Butterfly Guard position in general can be used for many situations such as getting back to your feet. In the GIF below, Cain Velasquez uses the butterfly guard to elevate Brock Lesnar for a split second to grab wrist control to a perform a standup. Watch Brock's hips start to elevate when Cain pushes off with the butterfly hooks, this creates enough space for Cain to escape back to his feet. In case you missed to elevation, just take a look at this picture. You can clearly see Brock's hips off balance and Cain's right butterfly hook doing the lifting. Look how Brock is forced to post with his right hand or else he would be sweeped.