ok I tried to break this down into one small bitesize read (will take you less than a minute) if u are interested 'Civilisation' describes the whole sum of the achievements and the regulations which distinguish our lives from those of our animal ancestors. use of tools, gaining control over fire (Comte said this too) and the construction of dwellings. Motor power places gigantic forces at mans disposal, thanks to ships and aircraft neither water nor air can hinder his movements. Today he has come close to his ideal, he has almost becomea god himself We soon observe (pots of flowers etc) these useless things which we expect civilisation to value is beauty. we expect to see signs of cleanliness and order, Dirtiness of any kind seems to us imcompatable with civilization. We extend our demand of cleaniliness to the human body too. We set up soap as the yardstick of civilisation. But whereas cleanliness is not to be expected in nature, order on the contrary, has been imitated from her. Order? On the contrary, human beings exhibit an inborn tendency to carelessness, ireegularity and unreliability in their work. mark of Civilisation, regulating social relationships. Sacrafice of of their instincts,renunciation of instinct(suppression repression of powerful instincts this 'cultural frustration' dominates the large field of social relationships between human beings. Human life in common is only made possible when a majority comes together which is stronger than any seperate individual. This replacement of power of the individual by the power of by the power of the individual constitutes the decisive step of civilisation. The first requisite of civilisation, therfore is that of justice, the assurance that once a law is made it will not be broken in favour of the individual.This implies nothing as to the ethical value value of such a law.