WW2 US army image "Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it"-Lincoln Two conceptions of justice have existed for a very long time. 1-The first is that might makes right, that is, having political power over people means that one's conception of justice is right. Whatever this conception is largely arbitrary, other than the effects on actual power this conception of justice has - it does not matter. This view is seen in authors like Machiavelli and Thucidides, and arguably in the positive law tradition, and is arguably the governing philosophy of both the republicans and democrats in recent years. By this I mean that they generally believe that two America's are possible, and which one is created in the future will depend on the political party that is in power that enacts its laws. I.E. its a game, and whoever gets the majority of their ideology's supreme court justices into power, controls the senate, the house of reps, and the presidency and appoints many many members of the bureaucracy will be able to create their vision of what is good for America. i.e. might makes right, or political power allows one to craft one's vision of the good. 2-The opposite conception is that right makes might. That is, that political power and actual power (technology, army, etc) stems from having a correct conception of justice and doing the right thing. In everyday terms, what this means is that unlike the common saying that "good guys finish last" it means that they finish first. That is, knowledge, and ultimately power follows for those who do the right thing, including technological power. This view is seen in Lincoln's address, in the founding father's views, etc. Of course, this view can be extremely dangerous if one is mistaken in one's conception of justice. In terms of the political parties mentioned above, the view here is that IF one (or both) party enacts a view of justice that is wrong, the state will lose power, or the constitution (if properly constructed) will ultimately fix these anomalies by interacting with the legal instruments and ultimately souls of its citizens over time. That is, attempts to impose false views of justice ultimately lead to a loss of power, which ulltimately lead to those with correct views to correct these mistakes. which one do you believe and why? Personally, i think that right makes might, that is, that correct conceptions of justice lead to power for a people/state. Though at the same time, it is possible to produce an image of justice when one has power, so i also believe that Might allows for the image of justice. The implication is that it is not always true that a state's or person's power is an indicator of their rightness or wrongness, though I do think the greatest powers generally got that way due to having largely correct conceptions of justice in the past within their historical context (i.e. the US, Rome), even though eventually they may have lost their way.