How To Record Hip Hop Vocals

Discussion in 'Audio Producers Discussions' started by blitz204, Jul 27, 2010.

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  1. blitz204

    blitz204 BlitzBeats.com

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    What's good?

    I found this article to be very helpful so I decided to share it with you!

    ~~~

    This is about hip hop vocals, can be used for other genres, but other FX would often come into play.

    You end up with about 8 tracks. Any FX should be applied in light amounts barely noticeable without headphones or top of the line monitors(about 5-10% wetness).

    Track 1 - Beat - stereo / no panning / fx : compression, eq if needed

    Track 2 - Lead Vocals - mono / pan 10% left / fx : delay(optional) If more than one rapper is on the song, use automation to keep all the artists at close to the same volume.

    Track 3 - Backing vocals(the exact words from the main vocals respoken where needed) - mono / pan 20-30% right / fx : chorus(optional), delay(optional, you don't want to use if it's already used on track 2)turn the background vocals down to the point they do not drown out the leads, you want them to sound like a guy in the background reciting the song alongside the lead vocals without overshadowing them.

    Track 4 - Adlibs(all the "yeah!" "uh huh" "that's right" stuff throughout the song). - mono / pan 20-40% left / fx : reverb(optional), delay(if not used on track 2 or 3)these shouldn't be mudded up with any other fx. leave them as clearly spoken as possible so they can be turned down to the point they're damn near subliminal.

    Track 5 - Chorus 1 - mono / pan 40-60% right / fx : bus track 5 & 6 to the same stereo Aux and use a small amount of Reverb(5-10% wetness)"hallway" and "cathedral" presets are good.

    Track 6 - Chorus 2(same chorus recited a second time word for word. Gives your chorus more color) - mono / pan 40-60% left / fx : bus track 5 & 6 to the same stereo Aux and use a small amount of Reverb(5-10% wetness)"hallway" and "cathedral" presets are good(your chorus should be a slight bit louder than your lead vocals so when they come in they catch attention. The reverb and stereo separation provides a lot of this.

    Track 7 - Sound FX(optional) - stereo / no panning / fx : none. Use stereo sound effects with alot of stereo effect to them to begin with. Paste and go.

    Track 8- Anything extra - use your best judgment.

    Apply trim and eq to each separate track as needed(small amounts if any) then bus all tracks except 7(SFX) and 1(Beat) to the same stereo aux. Afterwards apply compression, de-essers, noise reduction(all optional) to all your vocals at once. Make sure your final mix is lower than -0.0db(out of the red on most DAWs) by adjusting the "master volume".


    ~

    I hope you soak in all these tips because they Will help you!
    test
  2. ~G.I~

    ~G.I~ Mastering Engineer/Mod

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    i think they should add that these are guidelines.

    for example, i totally disagree with the main vocal being panned, and the doubles being just 1 track and being panned the other way

    effects are always optional and should be left out when not desired

    and lowering the master volume will work when software based.
    in pro-tools HD that is where the DA conversion takes place so its easier to select all channels at once and lower the faders instead of touching the main fader.

    2 tracks for the chorus is IMO way to few.
    I usually end up with 6 to 14 channels just for the chorus
    test
  3. nwo504

    nwo504 Rawtunez

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    deranged made this. this a really good way to get started. You don't need to use it on every track but it works great for the most part.
    test
  4. Temp_Guest2

    Temp_Guest2 Dope Lyricist/Producer

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    One should never pan the lead vocals
    test
  5. DDOT1981

    DDOT1981 Member

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    Great info, I have a home studio, I also go to another. I've been researching how to get a better mix when I'm recording at home. I want it to sound smoother and not as distorted.
    test
  6. ...?...

    ...?... New Member

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    "one should never"

    is a statement not relevant to mixing

    there are no rules only guidelines
    test
  7. ~G.I~

    ~G.I~ Mastering Engineer/Mod

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    if you are recording to loud and its distorted to begin with then you cant save it.

    if you record a clean signal and it becomes distorted during mixing, you are doing something terribly wrong
    test
  8. Temp_Guest2

    Temp_Guest2 Dope Lyricist/Producer

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    That's true but it's rare to find a song these days that pans the lead vocal hard left or right. Do it if you have to but the initial reaction of the listener(s) will be like !!!!!!!??!?!???!!!!!!!
    test
  9. BullyBeats

    BullyBeats New Member

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    I heard a song on Soundclick and the whole beat was coming from the right speaker and the vocals from the left :funny:
    test
  10. ~G.I~

    ~G.I~ Mastering Engineer/Mod

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    probably a creative decision to get your attention :p
    test
  11. BullyBeats

    BullyBeats New Member

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    It worked then
    test
  12. urban_tactics

    urban_tactics aka johnny cockram

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    terrible article

    why are they panning leads?

    hook needs to be layer 5 times per phrase...keep best take dead center, two hard left and right, two center left and right

    vocals need 2 lead verses...first one dead center....2nd one panned slightly to the left and lower in volume

    adlibs panned at your discretion

    wet the vocals down with some reverb...add some tap delay, just dont over do it....accentuate the vocals....dont add there so much that it becomes obvious

    thats all u need to know.

    that article is horrible
    test
  13. blitz204

    blitz204 BlitzBeats.com

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    lol thats crazy!
    test
  14. Free Lynx

    Free Lynx ®m legend Peter Parker

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    yea that article is ass lol thnx anyways tho a for effort
    test
  15. Producerlife

    Producerlife New Member

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    That was pretty helpful thanx
    test
  16. BullyBeats

    BullyBeats New Member

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    Seems like this article was helpful to some but useless to others. 90% of what I do is by ear so everyone has there own methods.
    test
  17. Blackanese

    Blackanese BlackaneseCantRap.com

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    the article is not bad, but never ONLY pan your lead vocals to one side...like urb said, one lead in dead center and a backing lead panned a little bit and lowered......

    i wouldn't totally hate on this article, but there is no set method, its a good start for people just trying to get a feel of what their doing though
    test
  18. ffgghhjj

    ffgghhjj New Member

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