What's good? I found this article to be very helpful so I decided to share it with you! ~~~ This is about hip hop vocals, can be used for other genres, but other FX would often come into play. You end up with about 8 tracks. Any FX should be applied in light amounts barely noticeable without headphones or top of the line monitors(about 5-10% wetness). Track 1 - Beat - stereo / no panning / fx : compression, eq if needed Track 2 - Lead Vocals - mono / pan 10% left / fx : delay(optional) If more than one rapper is on the song, use automation to keep all the artists at close to the same volume. Track 3 - Backing vocals(the exact words from the main vocals respoken where needed) - mono / pan 20-30% right / fx : chorus(optional), delay(optional, you don't want to use if it's already used on track 2)turn the background vocals down to the point they do not drown out the leads, you want them to sound like a guy in the background reciting the song alongside the lead vocals without overshadowing them. Track 4 - Adlibs(all the "yeah!" "uh huh" "that's right" stuff throughout the song). - mono / pan 20-40% left / fx : reverb(optional), delay(if not used on track 2 or 3)these shouldn't be mudded up with any other fx. leave them as clearly spoken as possible so they can be turned down to the point they're damn near subliminal. Track 5 - Chorus 1 - mono / pan 40-60% right / fx : bus track 5 & 6 to the same stereo Aux and use a small amount of Reverb(5-10% wetness)"hallway" and "cathedral" presets are good. Track 6 - Chorus 2(same chorus recited a second time word for word. Gives your chorus more color) - mono / pan 40-60% left / fx : bus track 5 & 6 to the same stereo Aux and use a small amount of Reverb(5-10% wetness)"hallway" and "cathedral" presets are good(your chorus should be a slight bit louder than your lead vocals so when they come in they catch attention. The reverb and stereo separation provides a lot of this. Track 7 - Sound FX(optional) - stereo / no panning / fx : none. Use stereo sound effects with alot of stereo effect to them to begin with. Paste and go. Track 8- Anything extra - use your best judgment. Apply trim and eq to each separate track as needed(small amounts if any) then bus all tracks except 7(SFX) and 1(Beat) to the same stereo aux. Afterwards apply compression, de-essers, noise reduction(all optional) to all your vocals at once. Make sure your final mix is lower than -0.0db(out of the red on most DAWs) by adjusting the "master volume". ~ I hope you soak in all these tips because they Will help you!